Source: People’s Daily
Figure ①: The commemorative group carving in the Eight Women Investment River Cemetery of Mudanjiang City, Heilongjiang Province.
Figure ②: Zhou Baozhong, the commander of the Second Army of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition forces, mourned the poems of the twelve martyrs.
Figure ③: On the 90th anniversary of the September 18th Incident, a commemorative event was held in Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province.
Photo by Wang Jianwei
After the September 18th Incident, the Chinese people rose up between the black and rivers of Baishan and became the starting point of the Chinese people’s anti -Japanese war. At the same time, the prelude to the World Anti -Fascist War was unveiled.
——In important speech at the seminar of General Secretary Xi Jinping in commemorating the 75th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People’s Anti -Japanese War and the World Anti -Fascist War
No. 241, Yiman Street, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province, stands a European -style white building. In the middle of the autumn, it was a little solemn.
This is the Northeast Martyrs Memorial. Entering the museum, the “Fourteen Years of the Anti -Japanese War -The History of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition forces” showed its eyes. A precious cultural relics, silently telling the heroic story of singing and crying, bringing people’s thoughts back to the years of blood and fire.
On September 3, 2020, at the seminar on the 75th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People’s Anti -Japanese War and the World Anti -Fascist War, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized: “After the September 18th Incident, the Chinese people struggled between the black water in the white mountains and became the Chinese people’s anti -Japanese anti -Japanese anti -Japanese Japan. At the beginning of the war, the prelude to the World Anti -Fascist War was unveiled. “
In the arduous Anti -Japanese War, Chinese children fought for the survival of the country, fighting for the rejuvenation of the nation, fighting for human justice, the extensive mobilization of the society, the deep awakening of the nation, the tenacity of the fighting will, and the firm belief of the battle. Unprecedented height. In the white mountains and black water, in the vast forest and sea, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition forces fought against the fierce enemies for a long time and wrote a magnificent chapter with blood and life.
Belief is like Pan, Bai Mountain Black Water eliminates the enemy
“White snow is covered with the earth, the snow in the mountains and the ruler … Anti -Japanese -saving soldiers, still standing on single shoes, the blockade of the king thieves and slaves day and night, it is quite hard to get rid of it.” This is the Second Army of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces Commander a paragraph in Zhou Baozhong’s diary.
In the winter of the northeast, the temperature is often at minus thirty or forty degrees Celsius in the severe cold days. In a harsh natural environment, the Anti -Allies can only warm up in the bonfire in the deep forests. “Fire baked chest warm, and the wind blows the cold behind the wind.”
Shan Lizhi, the late Anti -Allied soldier, once recalled: “In the year of 1939, I did not wear cotton clothes in winter … Under the long -term severe cold, many older comrades -in -arms were frozen to death. “
In order to eliminate the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition forces, the Japanese and Puppet Army implemented an extremely poisonous “Return and Households” and other means, trying to cut off the connection between the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition forces and the masses, and cut off its sources of supplies and food.
“Due to the close blockade of the enemy, the supply is cut off. In the difficulties, the generals of the soldiers are often lacking in food for several days and ten days. Entering the old forests in the mountains many times, searching for the camp of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition forces.
Nevertheless, the battle of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces has never stopped. According to statistics, from 1932 to 1940, Northeast Anti -Japanese Armed Forces, including the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition Army and the Anti -Japanese Volunteers, attacked 15,4761 times, an average of 52 times per day. During the heyday, the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces formed a total of 11 troops and more than 30,000 people. The scope of activities spread throughout the southeast, the east of Ji East, and more than 70 counties in the north.
“Revolution is like fire. It is the snow to seal the mountains and the birds and beasts. As long as we have a fire, we can drive the severe cold and bring light and warmth.” “A loyal Communist member, for the cause of liberation of the nation, at the expense of his head, blood can be sprayed, and the will of loyalty is unshakable, and the determination of the victory is firm.”
“If there is no strong belief, belief, confidence, and confidence, I am afraid that anyone can be difficult for anyone to survive in this environment.” He Weizhi, director of the History Research Office of the Heilongjiang Provincial Party Committee, said that under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces established an expelbler in Japan. The conviction of national independence and liberation, a decisive battle with the Japanese invaders, and establishing an immortal merit for the final victory of the national Anti -Japanese War.
After lonely, facing the brutal “encirclement”, seduction and economic blockade of the Japanese army, the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces suffered serious losses. By February 1940, the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition forces had fallen sharply to more than 1,800 people, but the banner never fell, and continued to fight blood in Changbai Mountain, Xiaoxing’an Ridge, Songhua River, and Black Nen Plain.
In April 1945, Comrade Mao Zedong stated in the history of the War of Resistance Against Japan in the seven political reports of the party’s seven major political reports: “The Kuomintang government has adopted a non -resistance policy. With the leadership or assistance of the Communist Party of China, it violated the will of the Kuomintang government and organized the Anti -Japanese Volunteer Army and the Anti -Japanese Coalition forces in the three Eastern provinces to engage in the heroic guerrilla war. This heroic guerrilla war has developed to a large scale. , I have never been destroyed by the enemy. “
Seeing death as home, full of blood and fertile China
“During the War of Resistance Against Japan, under extremely harsh conditions, General Yang Jingyu led the anti -Japanese armed for the severe cold of minus forty degrees Celsius. Without a grain of food, the deeds are shocking. “On July 24, 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping told Yang Jingyu’s story during the inspection of Jilin.
In 1939, the Japanese army carried out the so -called three provinces’ joint “big crusade” to place the key targets of the offensive in the place where the First Army Command was located. As the situation became increasingly critical, Yang Jingyu, then commander -in -chief of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition Army, was divided into troops many times, so that the troops could be separated from danger. In February 1940, Yang Jingyu fought fiercely after many fierce battles, surrounded by heavily, and fought to alone.
With such a set of data, it is shocking: During the 14 -year -old struggle, tens of thousands of soldiers in the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces were stained with blood, more than 100 cadres, and more than 30 military cadres sacrificed. Zhang Hongxing, a researcher at the Shizhi Research Office of the Heilongjiang Provincial Party Committee, said that in the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces, whether it was commander, commander or ordinary soldiers, faced the threat of starvation, frozen death, and death.
Chicken Guanshan, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province, is deep in the forest, and the grass and trees are covered. In 1936, Zhao Shangzhi led the main force of the West Expedition. Here, the rear camps were established to open the new guerrilla area of the north bank of the Songhua River north bank. In 1942, in the 27th lunar month, Zhao Shangzhi, who was activated by the enemy in the northern mountainous area of Sanjiang Province and Tangyuan County (now Tangyuan County, Heilongjiang Province), was discovered by the enemy.
“Don’t be sad. The revolution is hard. To defeat the enemy, you must bleed and sacrifice. Don’t be afraid. Our blood will never flow in vain. Wei Zhengmin, Secretary of the Communist Party of China and the first leader of the Northeast Anti -Federation Army, handed over his box and a packet of documents to the guards.
In the mountains and mountains, the banks of the Usuni River are Sanjiazi Village, Linkou County, Heilongjiang Province. The “Eight Girls Investment River” sites are located here. In late October 1938, a team of more than a hundred people in the first division of the Fifth Army of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces was surrounded by more than 1,000 Japanese puppet troops on the banks of the Usuni River. The women’s group eight women soldiers resolutely decided to abandon the crossing river, restrain the firepower of the Japanese army, and cover the army to break through. In the end, because of the aid, eight women soldiers sang the “International Song” and turned into the cold Usunhe River. The oldest Lengyun is 23 years old, and the youngest Wang Huimin is only 13 years old.
In the Liaodong region, the first army of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition forces was frightened. At the end of 1937, the Japanese puppet army launched a crazy military “crusade” in the first army of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition forces in the South Manchurian region. Zhou Jianhua, the third division of the first army of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Coalition forces, led some teams to “crusade team” with the enemy in Xifeng and Kaiyuan in Liaoning. After several battles, Zhou Jianhua led the injured and met a enemy forces during the transfer of the injured.
The heroic struggle of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces consumed and restrained the enemy, making an indelible contribution to the persistence and victory of the National Anti -Japanese War. In January 1948, the “Decision on Party Members and Anti -Federation Cadres of the Northeast Underground Party Organization and the Anti -Federation Cadres in the Northeast Bureau of the CPC Central Committee stated:” Comrade Yang Jingyu and all Northeast people’s unknown heroes who are opposed to the enemy are immortal. , Should always commemorate them. “
According to the fire, the road is full and width
“Mother and you are a chance to never see you in a permanent good before your lifetime … My dearest child! Mother does not need to educate you without saying thousands of words. After you grow up, I hope you don’t forget you. His mother was sacrificed for the country! “In August 1936, 31 -year -old Zhao Yiman wrote this suicide note to his 7 -year -old son on the day of sacrifice.
In September 2015, when he presided over the 26th collective study of the Political Bureau of the Eighteenth Central Committee, General Secretary Xi Jinping mentioned this touching suicide note. The General Secretary pointed out: “These revolutionary martyrs’ family books are the most vivid and convincing textbooks for the education of ideals and beliefs. They should be edited into a book and sent to the majority of party members and cadres. Everyone often reads and thinks about it.”
The smoke is far away, and the soul is eternal. The historical achievements of the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces have never been worn out; the inheritance of the spirit of the Northeast Anti -Allied Spirit has never been interrupted.
Jingyu County, Shangzhi City, Yiman Street … In the three northeast provinces, many places are named after the Northeast Anti -Japanese Allied Forces, so that today’s people remember history and loyal children of the Chinese nation.
Continuing red blood, becoming the thoughts and actions of the masses of cadres and the masses. In the Northeast Martyrs Memorial Hall, there is such a mobile exhibition team that has insisted on preaching the spirit of the Northeast Anti -Allied Spirit throughout the country for more than 40 years. Since its establishment in 1977, the team has gone through the relay of four generations. It has a footprint of 21 provinces. The total schedule is 37,000 kilometers.
“The spirit of the Northeast Anti -Union contains firm ideals and beliefs, noble patriotic sentiment, and great sacrifice spirit. We have to give the Northeast Anti -Federation spirit and carry forward the light of the Northeast Martyrs Memorial.” Said Liu Qiangmin.
Huachuan County, Heilongjiang Province, is the hometown of the martyrs of Leng Yun. A school that Local Leng Yun was taught in the local area was named “Eight Girls’ Yinglie Leng Yun” Red Army Primary School. The first lesson for each new school year was to organize children to visit the Leng Yun Memorial Hall.
Benxi Manchu Autonomous County, Liaoning Province has always insisted on excavating the Northeast Anti -Allied Culture and protecting and repaired more than 80 Northeast Anti -Federation sites in the county. Since 2015, Benxi County has also launched the Northeast Anti -Federation History Course in primary and secondary schools in the county, taking classroom teaching as a position that promotes the spirit of the Northeast Anti -Allies, so that children can understand red history more deeply.
Tonghua City, Jilin Province, deeply excavated the connotation of red cultural culture, connected red resources into lines, connecting lines, and creating a “re -anti -connection” line. “We actively use red resources to develop more than 30 on -site teaching sites, build Yang Jingyu Cadre Academy, build a famous red education base in Jilin Province and the national key Northeast Anti -Federation Education Experience Tourist Area.” Gao Zhiguo, Secretary of the Tonghua Municipal Party Committee Since September 14, Yang Jingyu’s Cadre Academy has undertaken 321 training courses across the country, and more than 61,000 trainees have been trained.
On the vast black land, the spirit of the Northeast Anti -Federation through historical space and space has become a strong spiritual force for the overall revitalization and development of the Northeast in the new era.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the rejuvenation of the old industrial base of the Northeast has achieved significant results and staged results. The total economic volume has reached a new level, the structural adjustment has been solidly advanced, the competitiveness of state -owned enterprises has increased, and major equipment is developed at the forefront of the country. Significantly improved capabilities, social undertakings are booming, and people’s livelihood has improved significantly. In 2020, Liaoning’s general public budget revenue was 265.55 billion yuan, and the annual revenue achieved positive growth; the added value of industrial industries above designated size increased by 6.9%, ranking second in the country; Seven Lianfeng “…
“Laughing and seeing the red flags like flowers”, Zhao Yiman’s desire in the poem “Binjiang Shuanghuang” during his lifetime has become a reality and will have a better future.
“In the new era, it has important practical significance to promote the spiritual spirit of the Northeast Anti -Alliance.” He Weizhi said that it is necessary to further use the spirit of the Northeast to inspire people’s minds and encourage the fighting spirit. The difficult and dangerous obstacles on the top, accelerate the promotion of a new breakthrough in the overall revitalization of the Northeast. “(Reporter Hao Yingcan)
(People’s Daily reporter Liu Hongchao, Zhu Dawei, and People’s Daily correspondent Ding Zhaoyong participated in the collection and writing)
“People’s Daily” (06th edition of October 28, 2021)