The carpet is a general name for all soft laying. The texture is soft, the feet feel comfortable, the color pattern is rich, and the decorative effect is elegant. It is an advanced ground decorative material. Suitable for high -end hotels, large public buildings, office buildings, residential buildings, cars, airplanes, ships, etc.
There will be many quality problems during the installation of the workshop, such as wrinkles, inconsistent color, loose, flying edges, burrs, etc., therefore, special attention should be paid to during the construction process. This article is mainly aimed at the construction process and construction points of the whole carpet, mainly to solve the following problems:
1. Classification and function of carpets
2. Carpet laying process
3. The main points and ways to pave the carpet
01. Classification of carpets
The carpet can be divided into natural fiber carpets, synthetic fiber carpets, blended carpets, and plastic carpets.
1. Natural fiber carpet
Natural fibers weaving carpets mainly come from plants or animals, such as cotton, wool, silk, etc.
Natural fiber carpets are divided into two types: knitting and weaving. The former is expensive, and the latter is cheap. The quality and quantity of fluff are the main factor that determines the wear resistance of the carpet.
2. Synthetic fiber carpet
Synthetic fiber carpet (that is, chemical fiber carpet) is woven from polypropylene and acrylic fibers. It is woven by the previous layer and processed into a linen carpet in the next layer.
3. Blending carpet
There are many types of blended carpets, often blending with wool fiber and various synthetic fibers. If a 20%nylon fiber is added to pure wool fibers, the abrasion resistance can be increased by 5 times.
4. Plastic carpet
Plastic carpet is a new type of carpet material made of a variety of auxiliary materials such as polyvinyl chloride resin and plasticizers. For example, the door pads and plastic lawns in the hall.
02. The role of carpet
1. sound insulation effect
The carpet can absorb and isolate sound waves with its tight and breathable structure, and has a good sound insulation effect.
2. Improve air quality
The fluff surface of the carpet can be captured, the dust particles floating in the air can effectively improve the indoor air quality.
3. Carpet safety
The carpet is a soft pavement material, which is different from hard ground paving materials such as marble and tiles. It is not easy to slip and bump. There are suggestions for children, elderly people, etc. at home.
4. Artistic beautification effect
The carpet has rich patterns, gorgeous colors, and diverse shapes that can beautify the decorative environment.
03. The pavement method of full shop carpet
Construction process: Grassroots treatment → bullet line, kit, grid, positioning → carpet tailoring → nail piercing board tapestry bar → laying cushion → laying carpet → detailed processing and cleaning.
1. Treatment of grassroots
△ Grassroots cleanup
The surface of the base should be flat and scrapeed with cement mortar; the surface should be dry, the water content of fine stone concrete and cement mortar surface should not exceed 9%; the surface should be cleaned, dust and other debris should be cleaned, and the oil or pine oil is wiped cleanly with oil or pine oil. Essence
2. Nail wooden card bar (pouring thorns)
△ Carpet laying node diagram
The wooden card bar is embedded with the nails along the ground and the pillar feet, the small nails are on the wall on the blackboard. There is a proper gap on the board and the wall, which is convenient for the carpet cover. About 300 mm.
If the carpet area is large, the double wood card should be used to facilitate the tightness and fixing of the carpet.
3. Cut the carpet
△ Cut the carpet
When cutting the carpet, according to the shape and net size of the ground, the carpet cut by the cutting machine should be larger than the length of the room 20mm to 30mm per section.
The carpet cutting line should be extended from the patchwork seam, and the incision should be neat and neatly sutured.
△ Cutting machine
Cutting a fluffy or velvet carpet, the two adjacent tailors are “eight” shape, and the surface velvet is easy to close.
4. Put the cushion
The elastic pads are facing the beam or wave -shaped surface, and the coating with the wooden card is about 10mm around the wooden card around. The paper strap at the seam is all or local condensed to prevent the pads from falling.
Frequent movement of carpets should be paved with paper pads at the grassroots level to prevent village pads from adhesion with the grassroots.
5. Put the carpet
△ Pay the carpet
Fix one end of the carpet on the wooden sign. Press the blanket to fill the side of the carpet into the gap between the wooden cards and kick the feet in.
△ Carpet edge node
There are two common methods. One is to plug the edge of the carpet into the lower end of the wooden kick. Another method is to cover the edge of the carpet burning in the hole of the wooden card and kick the skirt to avoid the exposure of the edges of the burrs and affect the beauty.
The seams of the carpet are generally stitched with the seams. After the carpet is paved, the thread on the side of the seam is used as the tight standard line of the second carpet.
After the second piece is tight, the patterns at the gap are aligned and matching. Later, they temporarily fixed with steel nails.
△ Carpet stitching
The thin carpet can be circled. After the carpet is laid, the head pulls the head, and the coverage of the head covers 30 ~ 40 mm. Playing the line at the seam to rely on the ruler to use a knife to reduce two carpets at the same time. Tightly, do not show all your strength to sew.
△ Set up processing
Slim bonding: The carpet that has been laid is lifted. The end of the hot stitch center (joint tape) and the two ends of the wood is a fixed card. Simple, making two adjacent connections a whole.
6. Cover the blanket edge
△ Side processing
The carpet is laid at the root of the wall and column. The edge of the carpet at the gate of different materials at the door of the ground should be fixed.
△ Edge treatment
The roots of the wall and column: The wool edge of the carpet is stuffed into the gap between the wooden stuck and the skirt.
△ Stone-carpet transfer floor node chart
At the door and entrance: When the elevation of the carpet is inconsistent with the elevation of the aisle bathroom floor, a mouthful should be added at the door. Press the edge of the carpet with the closure strip and look neat and beautiful.
If the carpet edges are not treated without closing, it is easy to be kicked by pedestrians, causing curls and damage, and damage the indoor decorative environment.
△ Carpet and threshold stone closure node chart
7. Repair and clean up
△ Carpet cleaning
After the carpet is laid, it should be fully inspected. If the phenomenon of flying edges is found, the flying edge of the carpet is stuffed into the gap between the wooden card strip and the skirting, so that the carpet should not be exposed;
△ Press the shovel
The fluffy of the seam is protruding, and the pouring with scissors or electric shovel is flattened; the temporary fixed steel nail is pulled out.
Clear the debris on the blanket surface with a soft brush and clean the dust on the blanket surface with a vacuum cleaner. Strengthen the protection of finished products to ensure the quality of the project.
This article mainly explains the construction process and attention points of the full -paved carpet, and briefly analyze the classification and role of the carpet.
(Circle cards have been added here, please check today’s headline client)
【Picture Transfer and Delete】
△ Carpet edge node
△ Carpet cleaning